Chapter 10 : Launching of the New Ship of State (1789-1800) Key Terms Definitions Bill of Rights ● First 10 amendments added to the Constitution, added in 1791 by James Madison ● States would not ratify until Federalists promised to add bill after ratification Judiciary Act of 1789 ● Organized Supreme Court/Attorney General’s office ● Created judicial bank of government : set up court systems Hamilton’s Plans ● Funding at par - economic plan to exchange old bonds for new bonds ● Assumption - theory that federal government would assume all state’s debt from Revolution; states that already paid were mad since they would have to pay more to help other states; Hamilton said debt was good for economy ● Tariff - taxes put on imported goods ● Excise Tax - taxes on manufacturing of items; targets poor Western farmers who produced whiskey ● The First Bank of the United States - it made the economy stable Bank of the United States ● Chartered by Congress from Hamilton’s fiscal plans ● Printed money and served as depository for funds; paper currency for the country ● Only chartered for 20 years because people were distrustful of it Whiskey Rebellion (1794) ● Southwestern Penn. farmers and producers challenged National government’s unjust excise tax use ● Government went in and won easily, letting other rebellions know that now the government is for real and shouldn’t be messed with ○ A Government that can under the constitution compared to the Articles of the Confederation in which the federal government couldn’t do anything about Shay’s Rebellion Reign of Terror (1789) ● Ten month period when 40,000 people were killed from guillotine in France during French Revolution ○ Jeffersonians leaned toward helping France because of treaty ○ Hamiltonians leaned toward not helping France and thus helping England because of economic benefit Neutrality Proclamation (1793) ● Issued by George Washington and proclaimed government’s neutrality in European conflict & told citizens not to take side ● Charles Genet (French ambassador) came to draft Americans to help with French Revolution ● Washington told Genet to go home, France was out of control ● Basically said that America was looking out for America, despite treaties made or friendships during the war Fallen Timbers ● Attack made by General “Mad Anthony” Wayne against North Western Indians ● Ended British alliance with Indians Greenville Treaty ● Gave America all of Ohio region thanks to Wayne
(1795) ● Allowed Americans to explore and create Jay’s Treaty (1794) ● Treaty that offered little concession from British to US and greatly disturbed Jeffersonians ● British would evacuate the chain of posts on US soil & pay for US ship damages ● Shows that the government under the Constitution is working → we got the British out of the forts.
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- Fall '16
- Lorenzo Eagles
- Andrew Jackson, President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, James Monroe, Vice President of the United States