Chapter 10 : Launching of the New Ship of State (1789-1800)Key TermsDefinitionsBill of Rights●First 10 amendments added to the Constitution, added in 1791 byJames Madison●States would not ratify until Federalists promised to add bill afterratificationJudiciary Act of 1789●Organized Supreme Court/Attorney General’s office●Created judicial bank of government : set up court systemsHamilton’s Plans●Funding at par - economic plan to exchange old bonds for new bonds●Assumption - theory that federal government would assume all state’sdebt from Revolution; states that already paid were mad since theywould have to pay more to help other states; Hamilton said debt wasgood for economy●Tariff - taxes put on imported goods●Excise Tax - taxes on manufacturing of items; targets poor Westernfarmers who produced whiskey●The First Bank of the United States - it made the economy stableBank of the UnitedStates●Chartered by Congress from Hamilton’s fiscal plans●Printed money and served as depository for funds; paper currency forthe country●Only chartered for 20 years because people were distrustful of itWhiskey Rebellion(1794)●Southwestern Penn. farmers and producers challenged Nationalgovernment’s unjust excise tax use●Government went in and won easily, letting other rebellions knowthat now the government is for real and shouldn’t be messed with○A Government that can under the constitution compared tothe Articles of the Confederation in which the federalgovernment couldn’t do anything about Shay’s RebellionReign of Terror (1789)●Ten month period when 40,000 people were killed from guillotine inFrance during French Revolution○Jeffersonians leaned toward helping France because of treaty○Hamiltonians leaned toward not helping France and thushelping England because of economic benefitNeutralityProclamation (1793)●Issued by George Washington and proclaimed government’sneutrality in European conflict & told citizens not to take side●Charles Genet (French ambassador) came to draft Americans to helpwith French Revolution●Washington told Genet to go home, France was out of control●Basically said that America was looking out for America, despitetreaties made or friendships during the warFallen Timbers●Attack made by General “Mad Anthony” Wayne against NorthWestern Indians●Ended British alliance with IndiansGreenville Treaty●Gave America all of Ohio region thanks to Wayne
(1795)●Allowed Americans to explore and createJay’s Treaty (1794)●Treaty that offered little concession from British to US and greatlydisturbed Jeffersonians●British would evacuate the chain of posts on US soil & pay for US shipdamages●Shows that the government under the Constitution is working →wegot the British out of the forts.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 18 pages?
Andrew Jackson, President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, James Monroe, Vice President of the United States