Henretta - Chapter 3. The British Atlantic World.2019.pptx...

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New England Colonies
Henretta – Chapter 3 Covenant Chain – with Iroquois Restoration Colonies & Empire – colonies not a first priority Charles II (r. 1660-1685) Gave land to 8 noble proprietors –Carolina Awarded land to his brother the Duke of York –New Netherland Granted a large tract to William Penn
Carolina No generally elected legislature Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina – 1669 Envisioned a Manorial system with serfs Established the Church of England (Anglican) Majority of immigrants were Protestants & Quakers – north – forced abandonment of feudal society South Carolina – planters from Barbadoes – rice cultivation – brought slavery into area By 1710 – blacks outnumbered whites – by 1740 were 2/3 of population (Peter Wood – “Black Majority”
Southern Colonies
On a Rice Plantation near Charleston, SC
Magnolia Plantation – Slave Houses
Middle Colonies
William Penn & Pennsylvania Charles II awarded Pennsylvania to pay a debt William Penn a Quaker (Society of Friends) Persecuted in England – refused to serve in the military or recognize “betters” Refused to pay taxes to the Anglican Church Founded on the teachings of George Fox & Margaret Fell
Quaker Religious Beliefs Believed in gender equality – women could preach Believed in equality of all people – saw similarities in Native American religions

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