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Unformatted text preview: Sociology 101 April 1, 2008 Deviance Deviance can be defined as behavior, beliefs, or conditions that are viewed by relatively powerful segments of society as serious violations of important norms o Deviance is relative; what is defined as deviant can vary by society and context. No behavior is inherently deviant However, deviance itself is a cultural universal; all societies define some subset of the behavior in their populations as deviant Social Control is a related concept, and describes measures taken by members of society to encourage conformity to norms. There are three forms o Formal Social Control describes negative sanctions (punishment) and positive sanctions (rewards) that are regulated by agents of formal social control; the police for example. o Informal Social Control describes sanctions applied by friends and family o Internalization of Norms is defined by the internalized perceptions of what actions are acceptable or unacceptable that helps us to regulate our...
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