February 5, 2008

February 5, 2008 - Sociology 101 February 5, 2008 Culture...

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Sociology 101 February 5, 2008 Culture Culture can be understood as human society’s total way of life o Culture is learned and shared This means that we begin to be inculturated early, and that we have a say in what remains part of our cultures o Culture is composed of two parts Material culture is any actual object that is associated with a culture Nonmaterial culture are intangible aspects of culture like norms, values, and beliefs When studying culture, one needs to avoid ethnocentrism o This is the tendency to evaluate one’s own culture as superior or “normal” Scholars must be careful when studying other cultures and recognize their own potential for bias and ethnocentrism Instead, sociologists embrace cultural relativity o This is the view that all cultures have intrinsic worth and that each culture must be evaluated and understood according to its own standards This requires a suspension of one’s own beliefs in favor of the other culture’s internal standards Culture Shock is a risk in studying other cultures o This can be understood as feelings of alienation, desperation, and loneliness when encountering a new culture There are three basic components to nonmaterial culture o Values are cultural ideals about what is considered good or bad They are also shared beliefs about goals and behavior They are the standards by which a culture judges what is good
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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February 5, 2008 - Sociology 101 February 5, 2008 Culture...

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