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February 12 2008 - Sociology 101 The exam is next Thursday...

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Sociology 101 February 12, 2008 The exam is next Thursday, and there will be a study guide/reaction paper due the same day. Formal Organization A Formal Organization can be any large group. In general, they are designed to accomplish specific tasks and tend to have an elaborate internal division of labor. o Examples abound in the realms of Labor Education Politics Networks are less coherent, broad webs of social ties. o They can consist of strong or weak ties, and they vary by the individual, whereas formal organizations have a set and defined membership Communities are relatively large numbers of people who live in one geographic area and are connected to each other by social bonds o With the onset of modern technology, the requirement that groups be bound by geographic locations has loosened Strata, by contrast, are segments within a large population that receive different amounts of scarce and valued resources due to social structure Social Institutions are predictable, established ways to provide for society’s basic needs. Five institutions are of particular interest to sociology The family Religion The economy The political institution or structure Education o Social institutions fulfill a number of important functions. Five of them are of particular interest to sociology They replace members, particularly the family They socialize new members, particularly the family, education, and religion They produce and distribute goods and services, particularly the economy and the political institution They preserve order, particularly the political institution They provide a sense of meaning and purpose, particularly religion Society
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