LING304 Notes 2-14

LING304 Notes 2-14 - Phonological Analysis Notes 2/14/2008...

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Phonological Analysis Notes 2/14/2008 Announcements/ Assignments: Small homework #2 is due on Tuesday. Webct assignment about Ch 4 due Thursday. Chapter 4 is very long, so we will spend two or three weeks going over it in class. Pay attention to some big ideas that she is looking for in the webct assignment. Bring the handout with you next week. Notes: Russian prepositions: We have a very small data set, but it is enough to get a clue about what is going on. For from, the two forms are at and ad. For without, the forms are bʲis SAMPA(b_jis) and bʲiz SAMPA(b_jiz). The question is, what us the lexical representation and how do you find it? The initial segment in the noun is what conditions the alternation. Vowels are always voices, as are sonorants most of the time. In English, we have a nice set of obstruents that contrast. Sonorants are not like that in English.
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with at, we get r, a, k, and sʲ SAMPA (s_j) with ad, we get b with bʲis SAMPA(b_jis), we ɡet k andsʲ SAMPA (s_j) with bʲiz SAMPA(b_jiz), we ɡet r a and b This is kinds messy. Remember that you need to look for places where nothing happens, not just where changes happen. /bʲiz/ SAMPA (/b_jiz/) The rule, voiced obstruents become voiceless when before a voiceless obstruent, is correct with some of the alterations. #5:
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LING304 Notes 2-14 - Phonological Analysis Notes 2/14/2008...

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