March 4, 2008

March 4, 2008 - Sociology 101 March 4, 2008 Race and...

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Sociology 101 March 4, 2008 Race and Ethnicity Race is understood as a Social construction in sociology. This means that race is NOT biological; variations within any one race are generally greater than those that exist between different races o However, race is highly socially meaningful; life chances are different depending upon which racial category one belongs to o Race is defined as a category of people who are believed to have significant biological differences that are believed to affect their character and ability to function in society o Ethnic groups are distinct from race, and describes a category of people who are seen by themselves and others as sharing a distinct subculture, somewhat different from the culture of the dominant group o A related concept, the minority group , is any group that is defined by its lack of power-economic power, political power, power to define what it means to be a member of the group These groups are also referred to as subordinate groups These groups do not necessarily correspond to number of people in the population; for example, women are often considered a minority group Their members are generally stigmatized in the eyes of the dominant group Prejudice versus Stereotypes versus Discrimination o Prejudice is a negative attitude toward an entire category of people. Prejudice has two components: Negative emotional reaction toward a group Cognitive/Intellectual element (i.e. stereotypes) o Stereotypes are overgeneralizations about a category of people that are applied to all members of that category o Discrimination describes the unequal and/or unjust treatment of individuals on the basis of their group membership there are three types of
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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March 4, 2008 - Sociology 101 March 4, 2008 Race and...

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