March 11, 2008

March 11, 2008 - Sociology 101 March 11, 2008 Chapter 10:...

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Sociology 101 March 11, 2008 Chapter 10: Gender In sociology, sex and gender describe distinct concepts o Sex describes the biological characteristics making one male or female o Gender is the social, cultural, and psychological traits linked to males and females through particular social contexts o Sex can be conceived of as an ascribed status while gender can be conceived of as an achieved status Gender relates to sex in terms of gender roles which are the expected attitudes and behaviors a society associates with each sex Like racism or classism, sexism is the belief that one sex (usually female), is inferior to the other sex (usually male) o Patriarchy refers to societies in which male dominated social structures lead to the oppression of women o Androcentrism describes a society that possesses male-centered norms operating in all social institutions that become the standard to which all persons adhere The various theoretical perspectives view gender inequality in different ways: o Functionalism suggests that separate gender roles for men and women are beneficial to society. Disruption is minimized and harmony is maximized if men and women assume complementary and specialized roles If men and women are in competition this will lend itself to social instability o Conflict Theory argues that gender inequality can be explained within the
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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March 11, 2008 - Sociology 101 March 11, 2008 Chapter 10:...

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