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exam 2 review - Exam #2 Review Social Stratification What...

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Exam #2 Review Social Stratification What is the definition of social stratification? A division of a large group or society into ranked categories of people, each of which enjoys different levels of access to scarce and valued resources, What is the definition of a social class? It describes a category of people who share a common position in the vertical hierarchy of differential social reward. What are the definitions of ideology and classism? Ideology is a belief that legitimates existing patterns of structured social inequality. Classism is the term employed for the ideology that legitimates economic inequality. What is the ideology behind classism in the US? The American Dream. Everyone that works hard can achieve wealth, so the wealthy deserve their privileges. What are the major theories of social stratification? Deficiency Theory (Differences in class are the direct consequences of individual variations in ability). Functionalist Theory (Inequality is functional and serves two functions, motivating people to work hard and ensuring that highly qualified people get the best positions.) Conflict theory (Social class is a means of production, where there is innate conflict between an oppressive class and the oppressed.) Define the class system in the US Six classes: Upper class (1% of population, income comes from investment and net
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Goodman during the Spring '07 term at New Mexico.

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exam 2 review - Exam #2 Review Social Stratification What...

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