handout linear rule format

handout linear rule format - Writing rules in a linear...

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Writing rules in a linear format using features Terminology focus = sounds that undergo change. environment = sounds around the focus that condition the process (determine where or whether it takes place.) The environment can include factors such as position in the word. Rule format focus –> [changed features] / environment Formally, the focus sound(s) is (are) to be specified by using the minimum number of features that are necessary to identify those sounds, and only those sounds, in the language. To the right of the arrow are listed all the features that change value between the focus and the new sound being created. The environment is also to be specified using the minimal set of features that uniquely identifies the appropriate context. Example: In the Hungarian nouns (from earlier handout), where obstruents became voiced preceding a voiced consonant, we could write the rule as follows: [– sonorant] [+ voice] / __ [– sonorant, + voice] This rule says that an obstruent ([-son]) becomes voiced before any voiced obstruent, even
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