WRITTEN ASSIGNMENT 2: FRANZ LISZTMUSI 268Dr. Kevin Whittingham
1When one mentions Franz Liszt, it’s common to immediately think of the romantic Hungarian piano virtuoso known for his outstanding showmanship and notoriously difficult compositions. Although true, there was much more to the man who is now regarded as one of themost important musicians of the 19thcentury. His contributions to music were not only important for the development for Romanticism, but also crucial for the evolution of Western art music as awhole. His work and outreach far exceeded that of the common composer, and his life was not all the fame and glory that it is commonly portrayed as having been. To fully understand the impact of Franz Liszt, we will follow the eventful journey of his musical development while alsohighlighting his major works and contributions along the way. More precisely, we’ll look at whatmade Liszt different from all other composers that came before him, and at his important contributions, to art in general, outside of composition. At the same time, we’ll examine how Liszt is connected to some important musicians of the past, how he has influenced musicians of the future, and how he changed what we know as music forever. The beginning of Liszt’s journey can be closely compared to that of a previous musician of grand stature. In many ways, Liszt and Mozart’s musical development had very similar beginnings. First, both showed incredible talent for the piano and composition at a young age. Liszt began showing talent for the piano at the age of 6 and composed his first piece at the youngage of 8.1To continue, Franz Liszt’s father, Adam Liszt was also a musician who pushed his son to play and perform. Coincidently, his father worked as an amateur musician at the Esterhazy estates where he met and befriended Joseph Haydn.2Lastly, he often travelled, and was recognized and influenced by other musicians. At the age of 9, one of his first public appearances1 Humphry Searle. “Franz Liszt.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2018. -Liszt.2 Maria Eckhardt, Rena Charnin Mueller, and Alan Walker.. “Liszt, Franz | Grove Music.” Grove Music Online, 2001. -0000048265.
2as a concert pianist was performed in Pressburg in front of several Hungarian noblemen. This performance impressed them so much that they offered to pay for his education abroad.3Another link in history appears in the form of Liszt’s famous teacher, Czerny, who was Beethoven’s favourite pupil. Czerny saw the raw talent that “nature itself” had seemed to bestow on him and went through great lengths to teach him piano technique.4He was also taught music theory, notably counterpoint and score-reading, by Antonio Salieri.