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handout vowel assimilation SAMPA

handout vowel assimilation SAMPA - Vowel assimilation...

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Vowel assimilation processes German umlaut example from textbook p.160-3. singular plural gloss [email protected] [email protected] brother son [email protected] son [email protected] [email protected] daughter Analysis: the plural is marked by a floating [-back] feature, corresponding to an –i suffix in earlier forms of the language. How is the German umlaut example different from vowel harmony (VH)? German: the change originates from a floating feature. VH: the change originates from a feature that is linked to a sound in the lexical representation German: the process delinks a lexically specified feature. VH: spreading fills in a feature in a sound that lacked that feature (underspecified). German: spreads suffix -> root. VH: spreads root -> affix. German: feature change is local (applies to one vowel). VH: feature spreading is long-distance (applies to all vowels in the word). Chamorro (Austronesian, Guam) Vowel system in stressed syllables: front back high i u mid e o low { a Chamorro does not have vowel harmony; all vowels are specified for all features. But there is
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