handout vowel features SAMPA

handout vowel features SAMPA - Linguistics 304 504 Anthro...

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Linguistics 304 / 504 / Anthro 317 Vowel features The major features used to describe vowels – [high], [low] and [back] – are dependents of [D ORSAL ] in the same way that [anterior] and [distributed] are dependents of [C ORONAL ]. Two additional features are needed to describe vowels: [±round], dependent on [L ABIAL ] [±ATR], dependent on [R ADICAL ]. [R ADICAL ] is the P LACE feature for articulations involving the tongue root; it has the same status as [L ABIAL ], [C ORONAL ] and [D ORSAL ]. The feature [ATR] Originally used to describe languages (mostly West African) which have two sets of vowels that differ in the position of the tongue root. The use of [ATR] has been extended to express the distinction between the ‘tense’ and ‘lax’ vowels of English and other Germanic languages. This usage is somewhat misleading because the ‘tense’ and ‘lax’ vowels of English do not have reliable differences in the position of the tongue root. They also do not differ in muscular tension, except insofar as the ‘tense’ vowels typically involve greater displacement of the tongue, which requires more effort. They do have overall differences in tongue shape. Features for some vowels that you are likely to encounter [-back] [+back] [-round] [+round] [-round] [-round] [+round] [+high, -low] [+ATR]
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handout vowel features SAMPA - Linguistics 304 504 Anthro...

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