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graded hw 1 v2 SAMPA

graded hw 1 v2 SAMPA - Name Linguistics 304 504 Anthro 317...

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Name ____________________________________ Linguistics 304 / 504 / Anthro 317 Graded homework #1 due 11 March 2008 Please write your answers in the spaces provided. Write rules in the format requested as far as possible. Unless explicitly stated otherwise, assume that sounds have the feature values shown in the feature chart on the handout. The assignment has 100 points total. 1. (22 pts) Features. Here is an inventory of the consonants in Karok (Hokan language family), spoken in northern California. (Source: Maddieson, 1984) For the features we are currently using, [ s_d ] has the same values as [ T ]. Bilabial Labio- dental Dental Alveolar Palato- alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Oral stops p t k ? Fricatives B f s_d s S x h Affricates tS Nasals m n Flap 4 Central approx. j List all of the consonants from the inventory above that are specified by the following sets of features. Example: [-cont, -voice] ___[ p, t, k, ? ] ____ a. [ +son, - nas ] [ 4 ? h j ] b. [ C ORONAL , +cont ] [ s1 s S 4 ] c. [ -cons ] [ ? h j ] d. [ D ORSAL , -voice ] [ k x ] Using the same inventory of Karok consonants, give a feature specification that uniquely identifies each of the following sets of consonants (excluding all other consonants in the language), using as few features as possible . In this question, do not be concerned with distinguishing consonants from vowels. Hint: no set requires more than 3 features. In some cases more than one answer is possible. Remember that a dependent feature can only be used with its head feature. Example: [ m n ] ___[+nasal] ____ e. [ ? h ] [ -cons, -voice ] f. [ f s_d s S x h ] [ +cont, -voice] g. [ B m ] [ *lab, +voice]
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page 2 h. [ t s_d s ] [ -voice, cor +ant ] i. [ s_d S tS ] [ -voice, cor +dis] 2. (12 points) Lowland Murut (Austronesian, Borneo). (Source: Halle and Clements 1983) The voiced stops [b, d, g] are in complementary distribution with the continuants [B, 4, G] respectively. For this problem, assume that [4] is [– sonorant]; vowels are [– consonantal]. 1. maNu4a4 will scrub 16. indaGu speak! 2. aBaG loincloth 17. lumONgO? will cease 3. pala4 palm of the hand 18. balOj house 4. sO4Oj remain 19. iNgOnOm six times 5. inumO?GitiO drink this! 20. mala:tdalanti the road is bad 6. kakaBil paddle 21. maGambajOj bullock 7. paliG poison for blowpipe darts 22. bu:k rotten egg 8. iGOndO? once 23. daiti just now 9. giGiul wooden spatula 24. iNgalan name 10. maGalaw will commit adultery 25. maNandOj will work 11. ma:lu4 distant 26. gitiO this 12. nakaBala? has informed 27. mambala? will inform 13. ama?4itunu Tunu's father 28. anakditunu Tunu's child 14. mO:nsOjGiti it's good here 29. mOlOndOmgiti it's dark here 15. mapisOktO:dZOBalOjti the house is really cramped 30. mapisOkbalOjti the house is cramped a. State succinctly using features the environments in which each set of sounds occurs, making clear how their environments differ. Do not use “elsewhere” in your description. Voiced stops: [ +cons[, word initial Voiced fricatives and tap: word central/word final, [ -cons] b. Which set is the better choice as the lexical representation of these sounds? Check one.
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