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TRAD 101 Notes February 3rd 2008

TRAD 101 Notes February 3rd 2008 - TRAD 101 Notes February...

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TRAD 101 Notes February 3 rd 2008 1887-1934: Allotment Era General Allotment Act of 1887 -Reservation land divided into individual parcels and held in trust (160 acres) -100 million acres of ”surplus” reservation land opened to non-Native settlement. What happened to Indian lands? - Turn of the Century BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) issued allotments Indians continued to lose their land Bureaucratic advise Indians to become farmers. Missionaries prohibited Native expression of “religion” Day/boarding school teachers worked to stamp out Indian language and culture. The Mariam Report (1928) First major independent investigation of the conditions on reservations Two year study with reservation visits A landmark report found that the Allotment Act and Indian education and health services were colossal failures! John Collier The Indian Reorganization Act Ended allotment and restored lands held in common Local self-government through majority rule (By tribal vote)
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  • Spring '08
  • weiner
  • Native Americans in the United States, Indian reservation, BIA, Bureau of Indian Affairs, General Allotment Act, Indian Child Welfare

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