4.01 Manifest Destiny.docx - 4.01 Manifest Destiny In 1855...

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4.01 Manifest Destiny In 1855, Thomas Crawford proposed a statue of Freedom, a female figure wearing a liberty cap for the Capitol’s dome Secretary of War Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, one of the largest slaveholders, objected Crawford’s plan = Ancient Romans regarded the cap as “the badge of the freed slave Davis ordered the liberty cap replaced with military symbol, a feathered helmet The Statue of Freedom dispute shows how, by mid-1850s, nearly every public question was being swept into a gathering storm over slavery - Continental Expansion 1840s, slavery moved to center of American politics because nation’s territorial expansion 1840-1860, 300,000 men, women, and children traveling Oregon and California had braved: o disease o starvation o the natural barrier of the Rocky Mountains o occasional Indian attacks During 1840s, United States y Great Britain jointly administered Oregon + Utah, part of Mexico o This did not stop Americans from settling in either region National boundaries meant little to those who moved west
1840s witnessed Manifest Destiny belief that God intended the American nation to reach all the way to the Pacific Ocean - The Mexican Frontier: New Mexico and California Nation’s acquisition of part of Mexico raise the issue of slavery Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and its northern provinces—California, New Mexico, and Texas—were isolated and sparsely settled outposts of Indian country California in 1821: 3,200 missionaries/soldiers/settlers + 20,000 Indians living and working on religiously owned land + 150,000 members of unsubdued tribes o 1840, New England ships were trading with California 1846, Alfred Robinson’s Life in California , “In this age of annexation, why not extend the ‘area of freedom’ by the annexation of California?” - The Texas Revolt To develop Texas, the Spanish government had accepted an offer to colonize it with Americans. 1820, Moses Austin (^came up with idea^) received a large land grant died his son Stephen continued the plan = reselling land in smaller plots to American settlers 1830, Mexican government annulled existing land contracts and barred future emigration from America o Alarmed that its grip on the area was weakening American settlers demanded greater autonomy within Mexico Slavery further exacerbated matters Mexico abolished slavery BUT local authorities allowed American slaves 1835, Mexico’s ruler, General Antonio López de Santa Anna, sent an army to impose central rule

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