Unit 5 Text Questions - 1 What are the two types of...

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1. What are the two types of white-collar crimes? Occupational crimes: Crimes committed by an individual for personal gain and profit during the course of their occupation. An example of occupational crime is someone who steals materials or money from the company they work for in order to gain money for themselves. Corporate crimes: Crimes committed by companies and businesses. While individuals working for the company commit the crimes, the main benefit is for the company or corporation and not the individual. 2. What are three of the four types of occupational crime? Describe each type. Individual Occupational Crime: Crimes by individuals as individuals for profit or other gain. Stealing company equipment or filing false expense reports would fall into this category. Professional Occupational Crime: Crimes done by professionals in their professional occupation. For example, a doctor or psychologist might over bill an insurance company to gain more profits. State Authority Occupational Crime: Crimes by officials through the authority of the office. This category of crimes is restricted to those holding public office and their employees. Accepting bribes in return for political favors would be an example in this category. 3. What is pilferage? Why do people engage in this activity?
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