ENGL 205 Final Exam.docx - 205 Final Exam 1 Focusing on...

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205 Final Exam 1. Focusing on Voltaire’s Candide for a few characteristics from the enlightenment literature we should go back to when it all started. Enlightenment writing came at the end of the Renaissance period where enlightenment scholars trusted the changes in science and progression for humanity. Enlightenment writing holds more of a cynical or embellished outlook in different aspects of society. The church was believed to be the primary reason that advancement in human understanding was not happening. Voltaire’s Candide’s main character initially had an innocent view of the world that all changes as he became wise to the truths and what was really happening around him. He goes on a bit of an excursion with the innocence thinking, and idea of the word and then begins to see the plots of others and that it is not as he thought. While in El Dorado, Candide observes “Perigord a scoundrel who had taken advantage of Candide’s innocence at the earliest opportunity” (Voltaire, 67). Candide believes it is best to now move on and see the love of his life rather than to stay as he is finally seeing things for what they are. 2. 19 th century literature gave us romanticism, symbolism and realism. In Charles Dickens story A Christmas Carol, the main character, Ebenezer Scrooge was presented a little boy Ignorance and a little girl Want by the spirit. The spirit tells him to “beware them both,

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