Death and Afterlife Exam Review Notes

Death and Afterlife Exam Review Notes - Death and Afterlife...

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Death and Afterlife Exam Review Notes The Neanderthals lived between 10, 000 to 25,000 BCE believed in sarco-cannibalism: eating of the deceased ate people not for the purpose of food but for ritualistic purposes consumed the dead person as a way of becoming whole and being “one” with that person heads were burned separate from the rest of the body evidence of cannibalistic communities found in New Guinea in the ancient world, death was considered seen on a daily basis, accepted as a daily part of life as compared to today’s industrialized societies, which are actually sheltered from death also evidence of “animalism” found E.B.’s Taylor’s theory of animism is based on the 2 most universal experiences of early people: Death and Dreams The Cro-Magnons live between 25,000 to 10,000 BCE Burial custom involved painting the body or the remaining bones with red or using red clay, in which red represented blood The deceased were put in a fetal position in their burial pits to make them look like fetuses Pits were cubical Cave paintings were made to ensure success in hunting Estimated average life expectancy of pre-historic men was 18 years as compared to men in 1841 which was 40 for men and 42 for women, which proves that human life expectancies have grown exponentially Modern people have been sheltered from the fact of death due to evolution in medicine and other such things that make life easier for the average man Totemism-belief that a divine power stands behind a social unit Each social unit (clan)has their own totem Somewhat related to animism The native Americans tribes do Not worship animals The animal represents the people as a WHOLE The tribesmen/people have a lot of respect for the TOTEM Totemic principle: worship of a Deity, which was in the shape of a Totemic Emblem (usually taken from an animal), by the Clan (social group) Belief in the collectivity of an afterlife Make sure that everyone is together in the hereafter Make sure the dead remain for sure Evidence of Iroquois bone mixing ritual In Central Australia, Australian Aboriginal tribes such as the Arorta, Coritja, Kaitish, and the Ilpira, make constant use of certain instruments such as the “Churinga” Used in rites of passages such as marriage, birth, death, and etc. Each clan had their own churinga, which was kept safely in a sacred place and was only to be used on special occasions by a professional medicine man—no one else!!! In case the churinga is misplaced or stolen (by an enemy tribe), the clan goes through an extensive mourning period all dressed in white This mourning period is even more extensive than the death of an individual
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The collectivity of the group is of more importance than of the individualism of a person The Hadza tribe is found in N. Tanzania The Hadza tribe consists of hunting and gathering people (an immediate return economy) They are constantly on the move, chasing game and animals and edible world plants There is NO EFFORT to preserve food beyond consumption, which doesn’t provide for a
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course RELIGION 300 taught by Professor Obayashi during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Death and Afterlife Exam Review Notes - Death and Afterlife...

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