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Lecture 1 - order versus Freedom - constitutional Foundations and Institutional Arrangements

Lecture 1 - order versus Freedom - constitutional Foundations and Institutional Arrangements

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Political Science 201 American Government January 23, 2007 Lecture 1 – Order versus Freedom: Constitutional Foundations and Institutional Arrangements Balancing order and freedom is one of the fundamental problems of government Hobbes o Leviathan (1651) thought the first objective of government is to maintain order He thought people cannot live in order without government Life is nasty, brutish, and short Government should keep order through violence and force Government – a legitimate use of force to control human behavior o The official effort to control behavior Locke o Two Treatises on Government (1690) Government must also control people by regulating property Most basic foundation of government is to protect life, liberty, and property Mill o On Liberty (1869) Government power can only invade freedoms when that freedom would harm others Individual freedom is paramount to Mill Government has the right to enforce public benefits and services that will enhance freedom o Ex. Education, roads, medical care, etc. o Wisconsin v. Yoder Amish family wanted young girl to stay home and not attend school State said the girl can never truly be free unless she receives an education
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