Lecture 4 - Popular versus Elite democracy II - Mass Politics

Lecture 4 - Popular versus Elite democracy II - Mass Politics

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Political Science 201 American Government February 6, 2007 Lecture 4 – Popular versus Elite Democracy II: Mass Politics (Continuation from last lecture) Electoral reform in the states after the corrupt bargain o Each state has electors chosen by popular vote o 4 times more people voted in the election of 1828 (next election after the corrupt bargain) than in 1824 (corrupt bargain) o Universal white male suffrage No more property qualifications 1832 onward, presidential candidates are chosen by party conventions instead of legislative caucuses o Parties are no longer parties of notables o Mass based parties include common people o Eventually, the party bosses begin corrupt and elite democracy takes back over This was during the guilded age (1870s -1890s) Progressive Age – early 1900s o Progressives believed the problem was that great economic trusts and special money interests were joining with party officials and bosses to amass huge amounts of money and power o Progressives thought the average citizen was being left out of the political process o They lobbied and succeeded in gaining the direct election of senators Theodore Roosevelt sought to make the presidency more powerful o He thought the president should be a “steward” of the people o The president should be able to speak for the people and address their problems o He thinks the president should be more accessible to the people The President should be very energetic in order to connect with the people o With Roosevelt’s expansion of the presidency “for the people,” undemocratic unilateral presidential power” follows Example: Support for the revolt in Panama Example: the Great White Fleet During this time the Speaker of the House had incredible power
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course POLISCI 201 taught by Professor Tichenor during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 4 - Popular versus Elite democracy II - Mass Politics

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