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Unformatted text preview: Political Science 201 American Government February 9, 2007 Lecture 5 Equality of Opportunity v. Equality of Results: A Focus on the Federal Judiciary Most Americans have an unwavering belief in equality o However, there are profound ambiguities within this idea of equality o Lots of conflict in American history between equality of opportunity and equality of results Those who favor equality of opportunity favor a fair process o The process by which anyone reaches to achieve anything is to be equal o This will result in unequal results o Competitive success o Government is to be a fair umpire in this process Those who favor equality of results argue that results are often unequal because people start at different points o They believe that more equal conditions and resources for all should be available The race of life: fair or unfair advantages o Some people have more advantagesis this fair Rich people go to better schools, etc. o At the same time, equality of results would give the same results to people who work harder Both equality of opportunity and equality of result have flaws Thomas Jefferson said that if everyone is to have a fair chance in the race of life, there should be no inheritances Americans have an abiding faith in equality of opportunity, not equality of result o Americans believe in the American Dream The large frontier in the west was a big part of the American Dream...
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- Spring '07