April 25 - Eleventh Cnetury Crisis Komnenoi and Crusaders

April 25 - Eleventh Cnetury Crisis Komnenoi and Crusaders -...

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History 205 Byzantium: Imperial Age April 25, 2007 Eleventh Century Crisis/Komnenoi and Crusaders Crisis of the 11 th century hits the empire in three specific points and is caused by three specific people o 1. Byzantines have to deal with the Pechenegs in the Balkans o 2. In the West, Byzantines have to deal with Normans o 3. In Anatolia, Byzantines have to deal with the Seljuqs (Turkic Group) Basil II died in 1028 and left the empire “a poisoned state” o Previously, there had been buffer zones between Byzantium and the barbarians, Arabs, and nomads trying to attack the empire o Basil II annexed the buffer zones leaving no neutral frontier Basil II never married, had no kids, but had a brother, Constantine VIII o Constantine has two daughters, no sons Oldest daughter is named Zoe When Constantine dies, Zoe’s husband will take over Basil never offers Zoe for marriage o For 70 years after Basil dies, there is no clear succession 1042 – Zoe marries her third husband, Constantine IX Monomachos (r. 1042-1055) o Constantine IX is crowned emperor the day after they are married Constantine sends out many expensive expeditions to try to continue expansion o The only thing the empire gains is Odessa The empire hits financial problems and needs to cut costs o Stop spending so much on military expenditures A new people show up on the Russian steppe, the Oguz Turks o The Oguz start putting pressure on the Pechenegs o Pechenegs are allies with Byzantines Pecheneg ruler is names Tyrakh o 1045-1046 There is a minor officer named Kegen who is fighting the Oguz and thinks Tyrakh isn’t doing enough and should step aside Byzantines side with Kegen After a small civil war, Tyrakh wins Kegen goes into exile in Byzantium
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April 25 - Eleventh Cnetury Crisis Komnenoi and Crusaders -...

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