April 30 - The Great Schism and the Fourth Crusade and Catastrophe

April 30 - The Great Schism and the Fourth Crusade and Catastrophe

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History 205 Byzantium: Imperial Age April 30, 2007 The Great Schism/The Fourth Crusade and Catastrophe The Great Schism Permanent separation of Eastern (Greek Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic) churches In 11 th century, churches of Rome, Antioch, Jerusalem, Constantinople, Alexandria all considered themselves the same By 13 th century, people recognized that Roman and Constantinople church were separate o Communion was broken Can’t take communion in Roman church if you’re from Constantinople, and vice versa Leader of the church in 5 major cities (called sees), emerge as 5 most important people in the church o Jerusalem, Rome, Constantinople, Antioch, and Alexandria o The idea that the entire Christian world is rules by these 5 men is called the pentarchy Idea of the pentarchy emerges in the 5 th century Justinian recognizes the pentarchy in his codes of law o They vie against each other for power and prestige o Disputes break out once in a while 5 th -7 th century Monophosyte Controversy is a major schism and the first time the church is seriously split Arab conquests cut off Antioch, Jerusalem, and Alexandria and the two major sees become Rome and Constantinople Church of Rome claimed a primacy over all other bishops from an early period 451 – Council of Calcedon declares that Constantinople is just as important as Rome for church matters o Rome rejects Calcedon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

April 30 - The Great Schism and the Fourth Crusade and Catastrophe

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online