February 21 - The Umayyads - An Arab-Byzantine Empire

February 21 - The Umayyads - An Arab-Byzantine Empire -...

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History 205 Byzantium: Imperial Age February 21, 2007 The Umayyads: An Arab-Byzantine Empire? Byzantines called the Muslims Hagarenes o The father of the Arabs is thought to be Hagar Mohammed is never called a prophet in Syriac texts, he is called a king Muslims outside of Arabia lived in garrison cities separated from the native population o The Muslims at this point don’t mix well with the native populations because they are all soldiers 683-692 – There is a civil war throughout the Muslim world o Umayyads fighting a dissident vying for control o Christians fought on both sides of the war o This is the first time that Christian texts address Muslims as a religious entity Christians start getting 688 – Justinian II makes a peace deal with the Muslim caliph o The Muslims agree to pay the Byzantines to keep them from interfering in Muslim business o Christians become hopeful that there will be a re-conquest How did the Umayyads take over the Sassanian Empire and most Byzantine land? o 1. Mutual exhaustion The Sassanians and Byzantines had been at war for over thirty years They were both worn out from this huge war o 2. The Arabs were good fighters They were nomadic, so they knew how to ride horses and camels and
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HISTORY 205 taught by Professor - during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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February 21 - The Umayyads - An Arab-Byzantine Empire -...

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