Lecture 1 - Land, People, and Languages of the Byzantine Empire

Lecture 1 - Land, People, and Languages of the Byzantine Empire

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History 205 Byzantium: Imperial Age January 22, 2007 Lecture 1 – Land, People, and Languages of the Byzantine Empire Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia have the most fertile land in the ancient world o Egypt was part of the Byzantine empire Byzantine population (estimates): o 350 – 24 million people o 600 21 million people o 800 – 20 million people o 1000 – 12 million people o 1200 – 7 million people 527-565 – Justinian’s reign Greek and Latin are spoken in every major city in the empire o In the west, elites spoke Latin o In the east, elites spoke Greek Uncial – and older version of Greek/Latin with capital letters Modern writing is in miniscule Punic – language spoken in North Africa Berber – language spoken in North Africa Touareg – tribe in Northern Africa o They used an alphabet they called Tifnagh o Tifnagh is Phoenician Alexandria is the cultural center of the ancient world o It was a Greek city o Almost all food in Constantinople comes from Alexandria
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Lecture 1 - Land, People, and Languages of the Byzantine Empire

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