March 26 - Greek into Arabic - Aristotle in Baghdad

March 26 - Greek into Arabic - Aristotle in Baghdad -...

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History 205 Byzantium: Imperial Age March 26, 2007 Greek into Arabic: Aristotle in Baghdad How and why do the Abbasids take up the tradition of classical learning and try to foster it? Abbasids – Arab empire that replaced the Umayyad Dynasty Translation movement o Sustained effort on a number of levels in society in Baghdad to translate Greek scientific and philosophical works into Arabic o This movement lasted 200 years o Almost all non-literary and non-historical books that were available in the Eastern Roman Empire were translated o Things that were translated: All of Aristotle and all his commentaries Botany Philosophy Logic Medicine Military science Etc 661-750 – Umayyad Dynasty o 750 – Revolution starts in Eastern Persia in Khurasan Known as the Abbasid Revolution Abbasids rule from 750-1258 o July 30, 762 – Caliph al-Mansur ( ruled 754-775) builds Baghdad as the new capitol o Abbasids are supported by: Persians who adopted Islam and Arab customs Arabs who adopted Persian customs
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March 26 - Greek into Arabic - Aristotle in Baghdad -...

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