December 4 - Gorbachev and the Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy

December 4 - Gorbachev and the Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy

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History of the Cold War December 4, 2007 Gorbachev and the Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy, 1985-1990 The surprise of Gorbachev o Generational transition expected Older Soviet leaders kept dying (Brezhnev, Andropov) Younger leaders expected to be even more ideological o Bold reformer not expected from within totalitarian system How did a reformer emerge from within the system he wanted to reform? The Rise of M.S. Gorbachev o Biography Born 1931 Son of peasants who sided with Bolsheviks and collectivization Grandfather tortured during Stalin era Star student, Komsomolist Moscow State U. 1950-1955 Studied law like Lenin 1955-1970 rose in communist party to First Secretary of Stavropol region To Politburo by 1979: Andropov patronage Met academic reformers in early 1980s: Aware of social, economic problems Travel to West: 1966 Europe o Impressed by Western economies, social welfare networks, democratic plurality 1983 Canada General Secretary, march 1985 o Worldview True believer in “Leninism” Believed in Lenin’s original promise of the communist system Inspired by Khrushchev reforms, dynamism Ideological stereotypes of US until 1986 Thought Reagan a prisoner of MIC
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HISTORY 354 taught by Professor Foglesong during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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December 4 - Gorbachev and the Revolution in Soviet Foreign Policy

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