FINAL REVIEW - History of the Cold War Final 1 Angola 1975...

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History of the Cold War Final 1. Angola: 1975 - During the Kennedy administration, the United States wanted the United Nations to intervene and declared self-determination. United States offered arms to the Portuguese and provided humanitarian aid to Angolan rebels. The CIA put Holden Roberts of FLNA on payroll as alternative to Marxist MPLA since Moscow planned to aid the MPLA. Kissinger and CIA plan covert intervention in Anglo and South African troops invade Anglo to crush the MPLA. Soviets turn down Cuban request to send troops to Angola. 2. Atomic Diplomacy: July 16, 1945, the Americans test the first atomic bomb. The belief was that prestige was related to atomic weapons, so the more weapons, the less threatening the USSR seemed. Verbal threats and deployment buffs were used as efforts to extract diplomatic advantage. Atomic diplomacy was based on intimidation. 3. Bay of Pigs: 1961 - The United States was against Fidel Castro’s socialist regime. Therefore, the American CIA agents began training Cuban exiles to overthrow Castro and liberate the country. The CIA believed it was going to be an easy victory, but, instead, when the American planes were supposed to be sent out to protect the exiles, JFK cancelled it and Castro attacked ships carrying the exiles with ammunition. Considered a major failure of JFK’s presidency. Led to decades of dictatorship and terror. 4. Zbigniew Brzezinski: National Security Advisor to Jimmy Carter. Realist. Very hawkish approach to East-West relations. Instrumental in crafting the Carter doctrine 5. William C. Bullitt: He worked for Woodrow Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference, where he tried to establish diplomatic relations between America and Bolsheviks. He became the first US ambassador to the Soviet Union, where he became an outspoken anti-communist. Significance: set the tone for America’s international anti-communism. 6. Carter Doctrine: United States to intervene if the USSR threatened Western interests in the Persian Gulf. The United States was fearful of USSR expansion. So, if the United States so the USSR expanding, it would interview. Brzezinski masterminded this doctrine. Oil was a major reason for this doctrine because of fears of Soviet expansion cutting off access to oil. (1980) 7. Fidel Castro: Castro was secretly a communist and declared communist in 1960. He said he was a nationalist. He was angered by the United States support for Batista and many of his comrades were killed by the United States. The failed Bay of Pigs secured his position, and he started exporting communism to the rest of Latin America. Significance: Allowed the communism to enter the Western hemisphere. Tried to spread communism. Very idealistic. 8.
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HISTORY 354 taught by Professor Foglesong during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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FINAL REVIEW - History of the Cold War Final 1 Angola 1975...

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