November 21 - The Demise of Detente

November 21 - The Demise of Detente - History of the Cold...

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History of the Cold War November 21, 2007 The Demise of Détente Why should we care about détente in the 21 st century? o Does the Untied States have so much power that it does not need to reach diplomatic accommodations with other major states? o What is the most effective way to deal with authoritarian regimes? Isolation and confrontation Engagement and negotiation Diplomatic and economic How did US leaders view Détente? o Johnson administration views Get Soviets to put pressure on North Vietnam Reach arms control agreements to curb cost of arms race Moderate criticism of Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 Promote gradual liberalization of Soviet bloc o Nixon-Kissinger-Ford concepts Return to containment a la Kennan Return to New Look? “Madman theory” = massive retaliation? Nixon doctrine = Dulles Pactomania? Linkage: Behavior modification 1969-1973 – US is having a difficult time getting out of Vietnamb Enmeshment:
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November 21 - The Demise of Detente - History of the Cold...

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