October 5 - Atomic Weapons and the Early Cold War - 1945-1953

October 5 - Atomic Weapons and the Early Cold War - 1945-1953

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History of the Cold War October 5, 2007 Atomic Weapons and the Early Cold War: 1945-1953 Selective Chronology 1945 April 12 – FDR dies; Truman becomes president July 16 – Alamogordo, NM test of atomic bomb July 17-August 2 – Potsdam Conference August 6 – Hiroshima August 9 – Nagasaki September – London Conference of Foreign Ministers (Byrnes-Molotov atomic exchange) 1946 February 22 – “Long Telegram” of George F. Kennan March 5 – Churchill “iron curtain” speech March – US-Soviet confrontation over Iran July – Baruch Plan presented to United Nations 1947 March 12 – Truman Doctrine proclaimed June 5 – Marshall Plan announced 1948 February – Communist coup in Czechoslovakia June – Berlin Blockade begins 1949 August – USSR tests atomic bomb October – People’s Republic of China established Why did the US not inform the USSR of bomb project before Potsdam conference? o FDR desire to keep ace up sleeve Use after war as quid pro quo The bomb would be an important post-war tool for use in diplomatic relations FDR saw the bomb as a bargaining chip…not for coercion or
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October 5 - Atomic Weapons and the Early Cold War - 1945-1953

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