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Unformatted text preview: History of the Cold War October 19, 2007 Confrontation, Schism & Dtente: The United States, the Soviet Union, and Communist china, 1953-1964 Opportunity for US-Soviet Dtente? o Changes in leadership Ike replaced Truman Eisenhower has more room to maneuver than a typical democrat because he was seen as tough on communism Leading military mind in the US at the time Soviets saw Eisenhower as the man who finally opened the second front in WWII, which the Soviets desperately needed March 5, 1953 Stalin died Prospects for a less paranoid leader in the USSR Americans saw Stalin as an evil leader Conservatives in America didnt think anything would change o New thinking in Soviet foreign policy War not inevitable: nuclear weapons and mutual deterrence Need to reduce confrontation, increase cooperation, end isolation 1953 Melenkov peace offensive Pressure on North Koreans 1954-1955 Khrushchev conciliation Austrian treaty Finland withdrawal Offer to return two islands to Japan o Failures by late 1960...
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