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Unformatted text preview: History of the Cold War September 11, 2007 The Roots of the American-Soviet Ideological Conflict: Responses to Revolutions 1776 1920 Was the Cold War primarily an ideological conflict? o Post-revisionist view: misperceptions o Orthodox view: Soviet ideology to blame Arthur Schlesinger Jr.: Leninism plus Stalinist paranoia=Cold War o Revisionist or New Left view: anti-communism deeply rooted in American political culture is to blames Americans were pre-disposed to be hostile to the Soviet system Interpretations of US Views of Foreign Revolutions o William Appleman Williams (1976) US was born in revolution, but became more and more counterrevolutionary US consistently responds to revolutions around the world with opposition o David Brion Davis (1989) American continued to sympathize with revolutions Highlights atypical figures i.e. Frederick Douglass o Michael Hunt (1987) Tension between two tendencies Evolution of US Views of Foreign Revolutions o Cases Latin America 1810s- Americans started off supporting the Bolivarian model of revolution Later on, Americans came to see the Latin American revolutions as incapable of success because the people arent white enough or civilized enough France 1830, 1848, 1870-1...
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