September 21 - The Grand and Strange Alliance American-British-Soviet Relations in World War II

September 21 - The Grand and Strange Alliance American-British-Soviet Relations in World War II

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History of the Cold War September 21, 2007 The Grand and Strange Alliance: American-British-Soviet Relations in World War II 1941-1945 – US and USSR maintained a successful military alliance to defeat Nazi Germany o Not just an alliance of convenience to defeat a common enemy o The alliance was celebrated in America and Russia The grand Alliance and the Cold War o Does wartime alliance indicate that the post-1945 Cold War could have been avoided? o Was the alliance only an intermission in a long-term conflict? o Did attitudes and assumptions during the war make postwar conflict likely? Shifts in US-UK-USSR Relations, 1939-45 o From British plans to bomb Soviet oil fields in 1939 to joint defeat of Germany o Churchill from hope in 1942 to block “Russian barbarism” to October 1944 hailing of “close, intimate and cordial” relations o American public shift from favoring Finland vs. USSR 1939-40 to worrying more about UK than USSR in 1945 Americans sympathized with Fins when USSR attacked to try to expand its borders o Truman shift from June 1941-1945 1941-Truman said we should aid USSR if Germany is winning, and aid Germany if USSR is winning so they can bleed each other out o Was cooperation in Grand Alliance a possible foundation for postwar peace? o Did strains in “Strange Alliance” foreshadow post-1945 Cold War? Shift in views of Stalin o Comparison of Time Magazine Man of the Year 1940 vs. 1943 o Instead of the image of the brutal dictator, Americans begin to see Stalin as “Uncle Joe” o People see him as personally organizing the resistance against Germany British-Soviet Relations, 1941-1945 o Rose of Prime Minister Winston Churchill Did he jettison his anti-Bolshevism and welcome Stalin into genuine alliance? Did he set aside loathing only as long as necessary to defeat Germany?
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September 21 - The Grand and Strange Alliance American-British-Soviet Relations in World War II

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