April 5 - Peasants and Country People

April 5 Peasants - Ideal Society concept was only popular in the 1960s and 70s Latifundia – Large landowners Minifundia – people who own small

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History 262 Modern Latin America April 5, 2007 Peasants/Country People Ways to Control Land o Sharecropping o Communal use People who worked on controlled land are referred to as peasants o The word peasant eventually evolved to refer to all landless country people Peasants were somewhat idealized in the 1960s by anthropologists o American farmers were never referred to as peasants Myth of the Ideal Peasant o Ideal society Supported by the finite good concept Only a certain amount of a particular good (usually land) so the community needs to divide it up If one person has a great harvest, he is taking away from someone else Therefore, the first guy must throw a feast or a saints day
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Unformatted text preview: Ideal Society concept was only popular in the 1960s and 70s Latifundia – Large landowners Minifundia – people who own small plots of land Solution for government o Redistribute latifundia to subsistence farmers Land redistribution failed almost everywhere 1960s – Mexico was finally able to feed itself Late 1960s – Mexican government wants to make agriculture more efficient instead of more just o Mexico starts raising crops to sell to America 1950-1980 – Millions of Latin Americans left their villages for the cities Internationalization of agriculture...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HISTORY 262 taught by Professor Wasserman during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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