Lecture 1 - Heroes with Clay Feet

Lecture 1 - Heroes with Clay Feet - History 262 Modern...

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History 262 Modern Latin America January 22, 2007 Lecture 1 – Heroes with Clay Feet Most Latin American independence leaders died in shame or with a negative reputation Grito de Dolares – September 16, 1810 – Celebrated as Mexican Independence Day o Day when Father Hidalgo’s independence movement started o Grito de Dolares is Hidalgo’s call for independence September 27 – Actual day when Mexico gained independence Latin American Independence leaders: o Bolivar o Hidalgo o San Martin o O’Higgins o Morelos o Sucre o Santander All of the above died in shame o Morelos and Hidalgo suffered at the hands of the Spaniards Spain and Portugal ruled their American empires for ~325 years o How did they do it? o Why after 300 years did it crumble? Spaniards and Portuguese ruled their empires with “ benign neglect” They go to America to find gold and other riches, and also to spread Christianity o Gold, silver, and sugar helped make Spain/Portugal very wealthy o Europeans only ruled over the areas where they were mining gold or silver o Occasionally they would send out a priest to other areas o For the most part, they let people rule themselves outside the mining areas Disease - 86%-94% decrease in native population in the 100-120 years following European colonization due to disease
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course HISTORY 262 taught by Professor Wasserman during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 1 - Heroes with Clay Feet - History 262 Modern...

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