December 4 - Working Class and Socialism

December 4 - Working Class and Socialism - State and...

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State and Society in Imperial Russia December 4, 2007 Working Class and Socialism The physiognomy of the Russian Peasant Worker Profile on working class o Numerically small compared to other European countries o Explosive mix of old and new o Officials divided Capitalist/paternalistic impulses Entrepreneurship vs. protecting the weak Little social support Starting position: denial o “Labor question does not exist in Russia” (late 1880s) With a working class comes a labor question Trade unions Worker dissatisfaction Etc. Refusal to admit labor issues o Don’t raise expectations, don’t turn peasants into workers Unavoidable numbers o Industrial workers in Russia 1860: 0.76% 1900: 1.28% 1913: 1.4% = 2.3 million Paternalism o Workers=displaced peasants o Minister of Interior must extend care (land captains equivalent) Entrepreneurs lack noblesse oblige o Strikes Factory inspectorate o No laws passed to protect workers
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December 4 - Working Class and Socialism - State and...

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