November 6 - Alexander II and the Great Reforms

November 6 - Alexander II and the Great Reforms - State and...

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State and Society in Imperial Russia November 6, 2007 Alexander II and the Great Reforms Outline o Alexander’s Personality o The need for reform o Emancipation Act Actors Chronology Significance: Economic/Social o Other Great Reforms o Self-administration, judicial, military Alexander Nikolaevich 1818-1881 o Ideolization Tzar-liberator Freed the serfs Tzar-martyr Killed by a bomb Canonized after death o Top notch education o Personality Weak-willed Autocratic o Failed family o Alexander’s death The need for reform o Had little to no liberal sympathies Believed in the strength of the state o Serfdom economically and morally untenable Military liability (army reserve) Peasant unrest A “revolutionary situation” o Soviet interpretation; class struggle In reality, unrest increased after the tsar started talking about emancipation o First reforms End war Universities Travel abroad Censorship a public sphere “Glasnost”
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Emancipation o Actors: Tsar Integrity of the empire is at stake Want to have the support of the serfs as soldiers and citizens Fear of uprising Serf holding nobility 1. Petersburg bureaucrats 2. Absentee landowners (many of whom are Petersburg bureaucrats)
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November 6 - Alexander II and the Great Reforms - State and...

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