October 23 - Birth of the Intelligentsia con't

October 23 - Birth of the Intelligentsia con't - State and...

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October 25, 2007 Birth of the Intelligentsia (con’t) The Slavophile/Westernizer Debate After the Decembrist Revolt, lots of intelligent upper class feel alienated Petr Chaadaev o Clearly a Westernizer o However, he thinks of Russian greatness as an alternative to Western ideals Slavophiles o Emerge in 1830s Mostly in Moscow o Russophiles o No institutional affiliation Never formed a party, journal, platform, etc. Preferred to be loosely affiliated Against parties because they didn’t want to divide the political landscape, they wanted to unite Russians o Background: Russia in Europe Gendarme Purpose? o Russia’s historical path (Pre-Petrine) Russia’s spirit o Critical of Peter the Great Sobornost: Russia’s Superior Spirit o Unifying ideal supported by Slavophiles o Mystical spiritual community in the Orthodox community Love Customs Faith o Renounces personal egoism, individuality o Expressed in: Peasant commune Brotherhood Very egalitarian Family Natural association of individuals Zemskii sobor Organic politics Amicable Consultative
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October 23 - Birth of the Intelligentsia con't - State and...

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