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3 Summary Writing3.1 OBJECTIVESBy the end of this lecture, students will be able to:1. Do close attentive reading,2. Distinguish between essential point and illustrative details,3. write summaries of given texts,4. Integrate summed-up material in their essays.3.2 ESSENTIAL REQUIRED SKILLS1. Ability to write an outline2. Paragraph writing skills3.3 CONTENTWhat is a summary?A summary is a shortened version of a text.What is involved in a summary?When you summarize a text, you:1. Identify the key points of the text,2. Restate,3. Very briefly and concisely,4. Using your own words in restating an original text.3.4 THE SUMMARIZING PROCESS1. Identify the key points made by the original authora. Read the text very carefullyb. Put down the key points made by the author in an outline2. Restate the key points made by the original author
3.5 SENTENCE-LEVEL SUMMARY
Read the following sentence and reduce it to its key point:The Mississippi, the Ganges, and the Nile, those journeying atoms from the Rocky Mountains,the Himmaleh, and the Mountains of the Moon—have a kind of personal importance in theannals of the world.What is the sentence about?
What does the sentence tell us about rivers?
My summary:Rivers have a special place in world history.You can say this in a number of ways.
Here is another example:Precisely as the church clock struck five, Mr. Lewisham, with a punctuality that was indeedalmost too prompt for a really earnest student, shut his Horace, took up his Shakespeare, anddescended the narrow curved uncarpeted staircase that led from his garret to the living room inwhich he had his tea with his landlady, Mrs. Munday.What is this sentence about?

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Term
Fall
Professor
Michael Goka
Tags
The Land, Writer, Lateralization of brain function

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