September 20 - Catherine the Great

September 20 - Catherine the Great - State and Society in...

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Unformatted text preview: State and Society in Imperial Russia September 20, 2007 Catherine the Great Peter started a century of importing culture An age of empresses o Catherine I (1725-27) o Peter II (1727-29) o Anna Ivanovna (1730-41) o Elizabeth o Peter III o Catherine II Catherine I (Peters wife) o Born as a peasant o Elevated to higher status when Peter makes her his wife o When Peter dies, she becomes the regent to her son (Peter II) Anna Ivanovna (daughter of Peter the Greats brother) o Belief among Supreme Council (Boyars) that Anna is weak and easily manipulated o Peters royal guard backs Anna and prevents the Supreme Council from intervening too much Catherine II o Born a German princess; supposed to marry Peter III o Born Sophie of Anhalt Zerbst (Germany) o Converts to Orthodoxy, learns Russian o Hates Peter III, escapes in literature Women in Russia in the 18 th century o Orthodoxy excludes women from public roles o Family duty Mothers, wives, homemakers If a woman entered a nunnery, it was after she fulfilled her familial duty o Peter changed the Orthodox tradition with regards to religion...
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September 20 - Catherine the Great - State and Society in...

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