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Unformatted text preview: CDE 232 2/25/08 The Play Years: Physchosocial Development Ages 3-7 Initiative vs. Guilty • Eriksons 3 rd stage o Self-esteem emerges o Kids start to develop a sense of pride o Perform accomplishments and they get a good feeling from doing so o Attention span starts to increase at this stage o Require persistence to increase during this stage o Negative effect if these milestones are not achieved is the feeling of guilt Emotional Regulation *able to maintain a sense of balance • ability to direct or change one’s feelings o externalizing problems kids who express emotional difficulty by acting out affect other people, physical or verbal acting out • tantruming, yelling, knocking things over • boys are more likely to have external problems o internalizing problems kids who in response to emotional difficulties withdraw into themselves may experience clinical depression or anxiety girls are more like to have internal problems Learning Social Skills Through Play **helps them to sort out their thoughts through playing with others • peers o form and maintain relationships through play with peers • active play o both genders involved o rough and tumble, sports • sociodramatic play o pretend play o used to symbolize deeper thoughts and feelings…even though they know that it is fake....
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course CDE 232 taught by Professor Gingerburell during the Spring '08 term at ASU.
- Spring '08