CRIMINAL LAWDefinition: is that branch ordivision of law which definescrimes, treats of their nature, andprovides for their punishment.Crime: is an act committed ofomitted in violation of a public lawforbidding or commanding it.SOURCES OF PH CRIMLAW1.RPC & amendments2.Special Penal Laws3.Penal Presidential DecreesNO COMMON LAW IN PHILIPPINES.*Court decisions are not sources forcriminal law because they are thereto merely explain the meaning ofand apply the law enacted by thelegislativebranchofthegovernment.Characteristics of CRIM LAW1.GENERAL: Criminal law isbinding on all persons wholive or sojourn in Philippineterritory. (art 14, NCC)2.TERRITORIAL: Criminal lawsundertake to punish crimescommittedwithinthePhilippines territory. -Note:the principle ofterritoriality means that asa rule, penal laws of thePhilippinesareenforceable only within itterritory.3.PROSPECTIVE: A penal lawcannotmakeanactpunishable in a way it wasnotpunishablewhencommitted.Article 1. – Date of Effectiveness.This Code shall take effecton the first day of Januarynineteen hundred, and thirty-two.Article 2. – Application of it’sprovisionsExpected as provided inthe treaties and laws ofpreferential application, theprovisions of this Code shall beenforced not only within thePhilippineArchipelago,including its atmosphere, itsinterior waters and maritimezone, but also outside of itsjurisdiction, against those who:1. Shouldcommitanoffense while on aPhilippineshiporairship;2. Shouldforgeorcounterfeit any coin orcurrency note of thePhilippine Islands orobligationsandsecurities issued by theGovernmentofthePhilippine Islands;3. Should be liable foracts connected withthe introduction intothese Islands of theobligationsandsecuritiesmentionedontheprecedingnumber;4. Whilebeingpublicofficers or employees,shouldcommitan
offenseinntheexerciseoftheirfunctions; or5. Should commit any ofthecrimesagainstnational security andthe law of nations,defined in Title One ofBook Two of this Code.*Note: Provisions of the RPCshall be enforced not onlywithinthePhilippineArchipelago,butalsooutsideof its jurisdiction incertain cases.Article 3. – DefinitionActs and omissionspunishable by law arefelonies (delitos). - intentFeloniesarecommitted not only bymeans of deceit (dolo) butalso by mean of fault(culpa).There is deceit whenthe act is performed withdeliberateintent;andthere is fault when thewrongful act results fromimprudence, negligence,lack of foresight, or lackof skill.2CLASSIFICATIONSOFFELONIES1. Felonies by fault(culpa)2. Felonies by intent(dolo)Definition, FELONIES: are acts andomissions punishable by theRPC.Elements of Felonies;1.There must be an act oromission;2.Act or omission must bepunishable by the RPC, &;3.Theactperformedoromission incurred by meansof dolo or culpa.