PS 4 Midterm Paper - 1 Isabella Marshall Political Science 4 Wednesday 12-2 March 14th 2019 Who Broke Hobbes\u2019s Heart A Critical Essay on Hobbes\u2019s

PS 4 Midterm Paper - 1 Isabella Marshall Political Science...

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1 Isabella Marshall Political Science 4 Wednesday 12-2 March 14th, 2019 Who Broke Hobbes’s Heart?: A Critical Essay on Hobbes’s “State of Nature”. In a world of heightened political turmoil and drama, it is hard to imagine peace. Some theorists say this is because we live in an anarchic system dictated by the “State of Nature” where we exist on the level “natural to human beings” 1 . The “State of Nature” philosophy came from a few main theorists, Rousseau in his work “The Social Contract”, Locke’s “Second Treatise on Civil Government” and Hobbes’s epic “Leviathan”. It is specifically Hobbes who delved into the “State of Nature” in skeptical realist terms of human nature and on an individual scale. The reality posed by Hobbes in his work, Leviathan is a challenging existence for people to live in because of human motivation and the anarchic system putting humans at a constant state of war and conflict. Although, some theorists argue that Hobbes is too much of a skeptic and people are based in a state of peace and reciprocity rather then scarcity and ego. I will begin by summarizing the Leviathan, written by Hobbes, examine what Hobbes means by the “State of Nature” and continue to explain how it impacts humanity in a negative way regarding human motivation, ego and anarchy. I will conclude by comparing his views to other “State of Nature” theorists and providing my own brief analysis on the issue providing other theories. Leviathan is a series of four books, "Of Man," "Of Common-wealth," "Of a 1 An Introduction to Political Philosophy; Wolff, Jonathan p. 8
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2 Christian Common-wealth," and "Of the Kingdome of Darknesse”. All previewing his arguments on the “State of Nature” and how humans may attain peace in that state.
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