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Bio 151 module 4. .docx - The five basic bone shapes: Long,...

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The five basic bone shapes: Long, flat, short, irregular, andsesamoidThe axial skeleton (blue) includes the skull, vertebral column, and ribs.Lateral view of the axial skeleton, appendicular skeleton removed.
Fontanelles are present in newborns until around twoyears of age.Lateral view of the cranial bones. The ethmoid bone ishighlighted in blue.Interior view of the of the cranial cavity. The parietal bonesand frontal bone have been removed to show the interior of the cranium. The sphenoid bone is highlighted in blueto note its unique shape. The zygomatic bone, part of the facial skeleton, is prominent in this view.
Posterior view of the occipital bone with major bonelandmarks.Anterior view of the skull. The frontal bone is faded to show thefrontal sinuses, hollow spaces within bones of the skull.
Inferior view of the foramina of the skull. The major foraminaare in blue. All foramina above are paired except for the foramen magnum.Lateral view of the facial bones with foramen.Anterior view of the facial skeleton, left maxilla bone isremoved. The palatine bones are highlighted in blue bilaterally.
Lateral view (left) of the skull. The left maxillais removed to show the bones deep to it.Typical curvatures of the vertebral column: cervical, thoracic,lumbar, and sacral curves.
Superior view of a single vertebrae. The vertebralbody is located anteriorly and the spinous process posteriorly.Superior view of a typical cervical spinal vertebrae. Note thesmaller vertebral body (anteriorly) and the bifid spinous process (posteriorly). The transverse process (highlightedin blue) contain transverse foramina for the passage of blood vessels, which travel to the brain.Superior view of a typical thoracic spinal vertebra thatcontains costal facets for rib articulations. The superior costal facets are highlighted in blue on the vertebral body.
Superior view of a typical lumbar vertebrae regions.Posterior view of the sacrum (blue) and coccyx with bonelandmarks.Anterior view of the ribs and sternum
The appendicular skeleton (blue) consists of the pectoral girdles, pelvic girdles, andall four limbs.Posterior view of clavicular and scapular attachmentthrough ligaments.Posterior view of right scapula. Major zbone landmarkson the posterior side of the scapula are colored for clarity.
Anterior view of right scapula. Major bone landmarks on theposterior side of the scapula are colored for clarity.Anterior view of the humerus, radius, and ulna. Note theradius and ulna are uncrossed in anatomical position.
Anterior view of the right humerus. Bone landmarks are colored forclarity.Posterior view of the right humerus, radius, and ulna.

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Vertebra, flat bone

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