Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Learning and Conditioning 1. Learning...

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Chapter 7 Learning and Conditioning 1. Learning a. A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience 2. Behaviorism a. An approach to psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the role of the environment as a determinant of behavior b. Sometimes referred to as stimuli-response (“S-R”) 3. Conditioning a. A basic kind of learning that involves association between environmental stimuli and the organism’s responses i. Classical Conditioning ii. Operant Conditioning b. Social cognitive learning theories i. Learning includes not only changes in behavior, but also changes in our thoughts expectations, and knowledge. c. Classical Conditioning- the process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar or relates response. i. Pavlov’s studies with the dog salivating- responses acquired ii. Unconditioned Stimulus (US) 1. A stimulus that elicits a reflexive response in the absence of learning for example the food iii. Unconditioned Response (UR) 1. Reflexive response elicited by a stimulus in he absence of learning for example salivation i. FOOD SALIVATION iv. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) 1. An initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Learning and Conditioning 1. Learning...

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