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Unformatted text preview: CDE232 3-19 Gender D ifferences in Achievement • Childhood- few sex differences in cognitive abilities or academics • Sex differences in childhood tend to favor girls • Girls are better behaved and able to sit still and concentrate better • Adolescence - girls’ and boys’ confidence in their academic skills change • For boys, academic confidence increases • For girls, academic confidence decreases • Girls start to become better at verbal skills • higher reading comprehension scores • Girls are also better at associational fluency • Associational fluency - producing synonyms for words • Ex- Given the word “vivacious”, girls can generate more words within a similar meaning than boys • Boys tend to be better at visuao-spatial skills • Visuo-spatial skills- abilities involved in orienting yourself in the environment • 3 main categories • Spatial Perception - ability to locate the horizontal or vertical while ig- noring distracting information • ex- water level task: Draw the water line in the second container, as- suming that it has the same amount of water as the first container (on bottle is sitting normal with a water level, the second is leaning) •...
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- Spring '08
- Standardized test, boys, H igh School