Animal Farm intro and journals.pdf - ANIMAL FARM George Orwell JOURNAL#1 Based on this biographical information what kind of person was Orwell and on

Animal Farm intro and journals.pdf - ANIMAL FARM George...

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ANIMAL FARM George Orwell
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JOURNAL #1 - 2/4/19 Based on this biographical information, what kind of person was Orwell, and on what topics will he write?
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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Russian Revolution of 1917: The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a political movement in Russia that climaxed in 1917 with the overthrow of the Provisional Government as a result of communism. Communism is when the government controls everything, and everything is equally distributed to the people. Overall, it is a dictatorship. However, the people of Russia did not feel as if they were being treated fairly, thus a revolution erupted.
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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND CONT. General Causes of the Revolution: The economic causes of the Russian Revolution were based largely on Czar Nicholas’s mismanagement and decision to go to war with Japan. Over fifteen million men joined the army, which left an insu cient number of workers in the factories and on the farms. The result was widespread shortages of food and materials. Factory workers had to endure terrible working conditions, including twelve to fourteen hour days and low wages. Many riots and strikes for better conditions and higher wages broke out. Although some factories agreed to the requests for higher wages, wartime inflation nullified the increase. There was one protest to which Czar Nicholas responded with violence; in response, industrial workers went on strike and e ff ectively paralyzed the railway and transportation networks. Overall, Nicholas's failure to solve his country's economic su ff ering and communism's promise to do just that comprised the core of the Revolution.
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JOURNAL ONE What are Old Major’s ideas for a new society?
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JOURNAL TWO Do you blame the leaders or the followers for Napoleon’s rise to power? Answer in complete sentences using at least 3 details from the book.
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CHAPTERS 4-5 NOTES Propaganda - information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Proletariat - Russian working class Bourgeoisie - upper-middle class Mr. Frederick is a stand in for the Germans. During the Bolshevik Revolution, the Germans were entangled in war with both the U.S. and the U.K., and after the Revolution, they essentially shouldered Russia out of the War. Mr. Pilkington represents the United States and the United Kingdom, who at this time were nervous about Russia’s withdrawal from the war, feared a Russian alliance with Germany, and were worried about Bolshevik ideas spreading to the West.
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THE BATTLE OF THE COWSHED AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION Committees are set up, and the pigs work to spread literacy throughout the populace. These are all allusions to the earliest Bolshevik e ff orts at organization after the October Revolution.
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