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ryans notes - Criminology Office Monday 10-12 LSH B212 1/22...

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Criminology Office Monday 10-12 LSH B212 1/22 Definitions Sutherland’s Definition- Criminology is the scientific study of making laws, and reacting toward the breaking of laws Subfields- Criminal stats, sociology of the law, theory development (those who work here explain hows and whys of behavior, guy named Hershey), criminal behavior systems(research of specific crime types), penology(corrections industry), victimology(what role is victim playing in crime) Neutralization Theory- somebody who commits bank fraud is more like to say it doesn’t hurt many people Victim Theory - in most cases the victim plays an active role(car stereo stolen, victim forgot to lock doors) What is crime? -Crime is a violation of social rules of behavior as interpreted and expressed by a criminal legal code. Violations off these rules are subject to sanctions by state authority. -Crime varies culture to culture and through times Who decides what is criminal? Tappan’s legalistic definition “Who Is The Criminal”- any behavior that violates criminal code (definition- problematic, most general approach for practical reasons, inherently conservative because it doesn’t question status quo, how it stands is how it goes) Sellin’s conduct norms approach- introduced by Thorston Sellin, argues that crime is just another act of conduct norm violation, 2nd most popular belief system, (norms- guide our behavior, informal-effect us most on daily basis, formal- written legal code with actual consequences), lets people define own subject matter Sutherland’s social ham view- Edwin Sutherland(1949), interest in white collar crime, found obvious that white collar crime gets fine,(Enron, Martha Stewart), Corporate Crime (using faulty materials to be cheaper, can get caught later on,
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Chevy Corvair), criminologists should take notice of something harming people, taxing tobacco companies Schwendinger’s “Human Rights Violation”-(1975), Herman & Julia, criminologists shouldn’t focus on injury, anything that stand in way of (freedom of speech, education, employment opps), works in any culture, (EZ Pass tracking people) Deviance & Social Control Approach - norm violating behavior, most common view w/ sociological criminology, from religion, political beliefs, criminal law, deviance occurs when any stigma (elevated or socially excluded) is attached to certain person, Social Control refers to when people use cohesive elements to ensure proper behavior. Other forms include TV, media (shapes our views on crime), “Social Problems Perspective”- crime is just another major enduring social condition, always there and never going away, avoid trying to explain crime by using any one explanation, Crime is a result of something, social meaning, interested in media’s portrayal, what we believe about crime is based on what we see on tv Sin and Evil Approach- early explanations of crime- people were possessed by devil or some other being, punishment from god is why they were deviant Concepts
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ryans notes - Criminology Office Monday 10-12 LSH B212 1/22...

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