CHPT 8 - eye blink-Loud Noise startle response-tap on the...

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CHPT 8 Learning is : a relatively permanent change in behavior or Knowledge due to experience. ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING: learning of a relation or “contingency” between events in the world. - CLASSICAL CONDITIONING -instrumental or operant conditioning -observational learning -first studied by Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov CLASSICAL CONDITIONING -acquisition -extinction and spontaneous recovery -generalization -disrimination PAVLOV OBSERVED THAT: -dogs salivate to neutral stimuli associated with eating --the sight of food --the sight of the food dish --the sight of the caretaker --anything that signaled that food was coming soon Acquisition of a classically conditioned response An unconditioned stimulus (UCS; Food) Naturally leads to an unconditioned response (UCR; salivation: UCS----------- UCR -Blast of air to the eye
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Unformatted text preview: eye blink-Loud Noise startle response-tap on the knee knee jerk-electric shock pain/fear response-bright light to the eye constriction of the pupils SUMMARY OF ACQUISITION (LEARNING)-pair a neutral stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus (UCS)-Call the neutral stimulus the conditioned stimulus. (CS)-After a while, the CS will serve as a Signal for the UCS and will cause the unconditioned response (UCR)-After acquisition, we call the unconditioned response the conditioned response (CR) HIGHER ORDER CONDITIONING -PHASE 1-UCS (baby gets shot) UCR (baby cries)-CS 1 (pediatrician) (UCS) shot (UCR)-CS 1 (pediatrician) (CR) baby cries-PHASE 2-Cs (receptionist) CS 1 (pediatrician)-PHASE 3-CS 2 (receptionist) CR ( FEAR)...
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CHPT 8 - eye blink-Loud Noise startle response-tap on the...

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